South Sudan Peace Agreements

On November 12, on behalf of Women of Sudanese Civic and Political Groups (MANSAM), Ahlam Nasir met with Mohammed al-Ta`ishi, a member of the Sovereignty Council, saying that women should be involved in peace negotiations. Nasir presented concrete proposals regarding women`s participation in negotiations and MANSAM`s priorities in the peace process. [10] According to Neville Melvin Gertze of Namibia, who was speaking at a UN Security Council meeting in October 2019, peace agreements resulting from negotiations with women are 35 percent more likely to last at least 15 years than those that are the result of negotiations only for men. [41] The leader of one of the factions that signed the joint peace agreement, Arko Minawi, stressed that this was a step in the right direction. According to a special representative of the UN Secretary-General, progress in the implementation of the South Sudanese peace agreement is partially halted due to the coronavirus pandemic. Amar Daldoum, on behalf of the SPLM-N (al-Hilu) and Shams al-Din Khabbashi, on behalf of the Sovereignist Council, signed an agreement on political, security and humanitarian procedures on behalf of the Sovereignist Council, following a three-hour negotiating meeting, led by a South Sudanese mediation team. The agreement was signed by the chairman of the mediation team, Tut Galwak. The SPLM-N (al-Hilu) and the Sovereignty Council have planned to draw up a declaration of principle to organize the continuation of the peace process and present their political vision. [7] Sudanese researcher Eric Reeves expressed skepticism about the possibility that Hemetti was “ready to make peace,” arguing that Hemetti was responsible for crimes against humanity and genocide during the wars in Darfur and South Kordofan. [27] The President of Sudan`s Sovereign Council, Lieutenant General Abdel Fattah al-Burhan (left), South Sudanese President Salva Kiir (center), and Sudanese Prime Minister Dr. Abdalla Hamdok (right) welcome those who gathered in Juba, South Sudan, for the initialling of the Sudanese peace agreement. Photo by AKUOT CHOL/AFP about Getty Images.

The Sudanese peace process consists of meetings, written agreements and actions to resolve the war in Darfur, the Sudanese conflict in South Kordofan and Blue Nile (both regions[1]) as well as armed conflicts in central, northern and eastern Sudan. [1] On the 17th The “No to the oppression of women” initiative called on the Sovereignty Council to involve women, “especially displaced women and victims of war”, in the Sudanese peace process. Ihsan Fagiri, of the initiative, described women`s views on the peace process as going beyond the formal signing of agreements at the national level, integrating “social peace, health and education” and signing the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women in Sudan. [11] The Sudanese government and rebel groups on Saturday reached a pioneering peace agreement aimed at ending decades of war that have left hundreds of thousands dead. In 2005, the Comprehensive Peace Agreement resolved part of Sudan`s armed conflict, including the 2011 South Sudanese referendum on independence and the secession of South Sudan. The 2006 Abuja and Doha in Darfur peace agreements aimed to resolve the conflict in Darfur. The draft constitutional declaration of August 2019, signed by military and civilian representatives during the 2018/19 Sudanese revolution, requires that a peace agreement be reached within the first six months of the 39-month transitional period for democratic civilian government. [2] [3] This article focuses on the component of the peace process that began in 2019.

The international community considers that peace is the opposite of war and that all its efforts should be made to support the peace process.